Extreme heat happens when temperatures are much higher and/or there is more humidity than normal. The following tips will help you and your loved ones stay safe during dangerous heat waves.
- Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible.
- Drink plenty of water during the day – don’t wait until you are thirsty
- If working or playing outdoors, you should drink between two and four cups of water every hour while working.
- Avoid drinks with caffeine, alcohol or large amounts of sugar.
- Limit your outdoor activity to mornings and evenings and rest often in the shade.
- Wear light-colored and loose-fitting clothing, a hat, sunglasses and an SPF15 or higher sunscreen.
Heatstroke is a life-threatening, heat-related illness that can be caused when your body overheats. Heatstroke usually occurs as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures. The danger of heatstroke increases when you combine physical exertion and high temperatures. Heatstroke requires emergency treatment.
- An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F)
- Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
- Rapid, strong pulse
- Throbbing headache
In the Event of Heatstroke
- Call for emergency medical attention
- Get the victim to a shady area
- Cool the person rapidly (put them in a tub of cool water, place them in a cool shower, spray them with a garden hose, sponge them with cool water,or place bags of ice around them).
- Do not give the victim any fluids (like water) to drink
Heat exhaustion is part of the heat-related illness spectrum. If not treated immediately, heat exhaustion can lead to heatstroke.
Heat Exhaustion Symptoms
- Heavy sweating
- Paleness (skin is a lighter color than normal)
- Muscle cramps
- Nausea or vomiting
In the Event of Heat Exhaustion
- Stop exertion
- Move to shade or a cooler place
- Hydrate with water or a sports drink
- Seek medical attention if:
- Symptoms are severe or worsen
- Symptoms last more than one hour
- The victim has heart problems or high blood pressure
Other Hot Weather Safety Tips
· Check on those who may be more at risk from high temperatures like:
- Infants and young children
- People aged 65 or older
- People with chronic medical conditions
· Never leave your children, people who are elderly or have disabilities, or pets in a vehicle. Even on a mild day, temperatures inside a vehicle can reach dangerous levels.